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我喜欢摄影、喜欢摄像,喜欢用镜头来诠释一切

我喜欢摄影、喜欢摄像,喜欢用镜头来诠释一切
       说摄影是记忆的工具,到不如说摄影是能够发明记忆的工具,是在按下快门的那一刹那间把眼前的现在变成永远的过去,应该是这样的一个神妙的工具吧?摄影定影了世界的现在,使他变成了凝固的过去。镜头收集了世界,镜头也改变了世界,是摄影给这都市混凝土林立的森林带来了阳光空气和色彩。是摄影缩短了时间与空间的距离,也缩短了现实与幻想的距离。拥有看的权利,是一种至高幸福就像拥有呼吸自由空气那样,令人感觉不到空气的存在。看的权利的窒息,令我们向往一个永久的梦境。拥有看的权利,也就是拥有看的安全感。在战场上,当你窥视取景窗时,也许你已经为了看的权利而忘记了生命安全。摄影就是如此,摄影令你总有一个局外人的安全感。窥视,看,看他人而感受自己。摄影映像包含了极为丰富的时间和空间还有存在的内涵。摄影内容的丰富性,往往是不由摄影家任意选择取舍的,因此,摄影的这一特性,决定了摄影欣赏的广阔空间,也决定了摄影丰富的想象空间和情感空间。
    照片与观者的交流,就是看与被看,或者是互相看的条件下成立的。世界上只有汉语才有那么多的关于看的动词:看-瞰-盯-瞄-瞥-窥----,成功的照片中,我们总会感觉到有一种视线(即使是风景片)在注视着我们。在镜头这视线的背后,隐藏着摄影者野兽般深邃的窥视。摄影是时间和空间的定影,也是时间和空间的延续。摄影必须遵从时间和空间的规律。时间和空间的推移,层次的变幻,角度的移动,取舍---更流动性地表现这个世界。如果说DV摄像是视觉小说,那么,摄影就是视觉散文和诗歌。无论是人物绘画还是人物摄影,视线是他的灵魂。被摄人物的视线方向,决定了观赏者的视线以及观赏者的情感想象的位置。
----关于夜景,长时间曝光
都说照片是时间和空间的定格,长时间曝光,也可以理解为,在一个2维空间中,通过长时间曝光,把多个时间和空间层层覆盖在感光器上(胶片上)。
也就是说,长时间曝光,是时间和空间的重叠。
据科学家说,时间和空间同时诞生于--宇宙大爆炸。空间伴随时间在消失(发展、膨胀),时间延空间延续,那么,时间停止了,空间也就停止(由4维变成2维空间)摄影,是时间的断层,是空间的切片,所以,即使ISO开放到6400,拍出的夜景,也不如缩光圈,长时间曝光的片子有魅力,因为,一个是瞬间的时间与空间的纪录,一个是复数个时间与空间的重叠,时空的含量不同,当然人的眼睛所无法同时感受的多个时间与空间,展示在长时间曝光的照片上,令人感到色彩,层次很丰富,很精彩。如果以人的眼睛感受时间与空间为标准,即60秒,1小时,24小时,1天,1年,过爆,是时间或空间超限的结果,欠爆,是时间或空间未达标的结果,摄影,不就是这个大自然规律的凭证吗?
----关于摄影就像收藏
看到了吗?平遥摄影大赛大奖作品是小区的大红被。那一床床的大红被啊,各具风格,因为在大红被的里子里包藏着一个个床上的故事,
一轮明月照九州,几家欢乐几家愁?
幸福的家庭都是相似的,不幸的家庭各有各的不幸,
这样属于收藏风格的作品,源于摄影的原点---记录。
美国一个摄影家,专门拍水塔,还有的专门拍鹌鹑蛋,,

----关于油润感
油润感,不是德头的专利,更不是镜皇的专利,
所有的油润感,都离不开光线和色彩,我们的狗头,只要能忠实记录这光线和色彩,就定能拍出油润的片子。

油润感的命脉是--丰富的用光,用光要有立体感:
最基本的要有,1.主光,2.反光,
当然,如果有第三光源那片子会更精彩,如:水面的光和反射光,,,,

油润感是太阳光的杰作,用光要有互补色为基调;
早上的阳光,偏紫,中午的阳光,偏蓝,傍晚的阳光,偏橘红,
这些,在后期调整时,可以完全利用起来。
比如,中午的阳光偏蓝,那么,如果你拍阴暗的地方时,会出现冷暖色调共存,
这样,如果你后期上,强调了冷色,或暖色其中的一色,片子自然会油润起来,

因为,除了中午之外,阳光都是冷色与暖色共存的光源期,,,,,
早晨,东边偏紫,西边偏暗蓝,
傍晚,西边偏橘红,东边偏蓝,,,
当太阳光照射在物体上,受光面是偏橘红或偏绯紫,非受光面则会反射天空颜色而偏冷色,,,
摄影是时间的艺术
        子在川上曰,逝者如斯夫!想当初,如果孔夫子手里握着一台相机,那么孔子所看到的世界,今天也会在我们眼前栩栩如生,不,因该是展现正在我们眼前。这里孔夫子告诉我们一个摄影的秘密,那就是,摄影是时间的忠实记录,是时间的一个定格,一个片段。这是摄影的本质。在按下快门的那一瞬间,时间永远地被记录在胶片上。
        人类的许多美好的愿望之一,就是希望时间能停止,或时间倒流,或是时间的超越。而摄影,就是在2位空间的范围内,确切地说是在视觉上为我们实现了这一美好的愿望。想与20年前的你站在一起合影吗?想看看西班牙内战的战场吗?想看看文革天安门检阅红卫兵那疯狂的场面吗?摄影会说,是的,我能做到!那么,想看看原始时代群婚的场面吗?想看看大唐帝国长安的繁华吗?今天的我们已经永远做不到了。因为那个时代还没有照相机而只有绘画。
绘画的时间性与摄影的时间性有着本质的区别。绘画的时间性是多元化的,是通过画家思维而抽象化了的时间性。(这里不想多谈绘画)。

摄影中作为静止的时间和流动的时间
        站在庐山真面目之前,你感慨万千。你想把眼前这个风景(空间)搬回家去给大家看,那最简单的方法是,你只要把眼前这个时间搬回家就好了。摄影是时间的片段记录,我们来看快门与时间的关系。8000分之一秒的世界,已经超越了我们肉眼的视觉感知界限,看不到的东西,未必就不存在。B门曝光5小时,胶片上记录了时间的轨迹,这5小时的对时间的定格堆积记录,更有助于我们理解摄影与时间的关系问题。如果我们能把10万分之一秒的时间通过摄影定格,那么,我们所看到的世界,将是对物质、存在、时间、空间的深层的记录,如果我们的相机快门速度是超光速的,我们在胶片上记录的时间,将是一个未知世界。
        霍金在【时间简史】中,通过时间来论证宇宙起源。现代粒子物理学已经推证了物质最小结构为顶夸克子。这些,并不是眼见为实,红外线的存在是不取决于人类肉眼而存在的。这里,我们可以通过顶夸克子来理解时间是什么,我们完全有理由来推断,顶夸克子是时间的最小单位。
        时间是人类对物质的概念化的结果,时间是一个抽象的概念。这就像是上帝创造了人类,还是人类创造了上帝那样的命题。
一张高ISO所记录下来的夜景,与B门30秒所记录下来的夜景,起本质与内涵完全不同。为什么B门30秒的夜景,比高ISO的夜景耐看?其关键本质是时间因素的多与少的问题,而不是画质问题。为什么拍赛车的照片,我们更喜欢那种快门速度低虚化了周边景物,或动化了周边景物的片子?因为这里,同样的照片里,时间的“含金量”多少,决定了给我们视觉上带来的内涵的多少。用虚化,动化了的手法,表现动感,是摄影的手法之一,这里,关键还是对时间的感知与表现问题。
        那么,摄影的另一大元素---光,是什么?我们可以这样来理解,光其实也就是时间的一种表现(表象),是时间存在的一种方式而已。如果能理解光是什么,那么你的摄影用光不仅仅是对光线的利用,而升华为对光的捕捉,通过光对时间进行定格。所谓会用光,其本质说的不是用光说的是如何用时间的问题。
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